|Name of Peak||Height above|
Mean Sea Level
Centre of Earth
Bottom of Sea Floor
|Mt. Everest||8,848 m||6,382.0 km||8,848 m|
|Chimborazo Volcano||6,267 m||6,384.4 km||n/a|
|Mauna Kea||4,207 m||n/a||10,203 m|
1. Maximum Height Above Mean Sea level - Mount Everest
Image from Flickr is by HaxHeaven
Image from Flickr is by Salva Boada
2. Maximum Distance From Earth's Core - Chimborazo Volcano, Ecuador
It is therefore highest point on Earth and is closest to the moon, stars, and space.
Using this datum, several other Andean peaks and also Africa's highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, lead Everest, which is about 2.1 km nearer to the Centre than Chimborazo. However MSL elevation wise Chimborazo is much lower having an elevation of only 6,267 m.
Image from Flickr is by davidagalvan
Image from Flickr is by noam_fein
3. Maximum Height From Bottom of Sea Floor - Mauna Kea, Hawai
Image from Flickr is by Bret Arnett
Image from Flickr is by Gouldy99
View in Google Earth - Mt. Everest - Chimborazo Volcano - Mauna Kea
View in Google Maps - Mt. Everest - Chimborazo Volcano - Mauna Kea
Main Source of info: http://geology.com and Wikipedia articles referred above.